Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disturbances. Reports indicate that approximately 30-35% of adults struggle with this particular sleep disorder. Insomnia occurs when a person has difficulty falling or staying asleep. Often, people experiencing insomnia feel dissatisfied with their sleep and typically experience fatigue, low energy, anxiety, irritability, focus or concentration difficulties, and comprised work or school performance. Insomnia can be short-lived (i.e., unable to fall asleep the night before a big exam or meeting) or a more chronic condition (lasting longer than a month). There are several potential factors that can contribute to insomnia including psychological distress (i.e., anxiety, depression, stress, trauma), medical problems (i.e., chronic pain), and medications (i.e., anti-depressants, stimulants for ADHD, pain relievers).
Psychological treatment for insomnia can include changing sleep habits and practicing good sleep hygiene. Also, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in addressing thoughts and behaviors that can interfere with a person’s sleep.
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